From China's lockdown of the city of Wuhan ([ 1 ]) to U.S. restrictions on travelers from Europe ([ 2 ]) to border closures across a widening range of countries ([ 3 ]), governments are increasingly seeking to limit freedom of movement in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These travel restrictions have slowed, but not halted, the spread of the pandemic (“The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak,” M. Chinazzi et al. , Research Articles, published online 6 March, p. eaba9757). However, the necessity and benefits of this public health response are outweighed by its violation of international law. Under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR), binding on all World Health Organization (WHO) member states, health measures “shall not be more restrictive of international traffic and not more invasive or intrusive to persons than reasonably available alternatives” [([ 4 ]), art. 43]. Given the effectiveness of community-based public health measures such as social distancing ([ 5 ]) and contact tracing ([ 6 ]), the necessity of travel bans must be weighed against less restrictive a
Members of the ILC held an informal meeting on 3 September 2020, at which time statements were made in memory of Alexander Yankov. Due to the ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic, the General Assembly adopted decision 74/566 by which it, inter alia, decided to hold the seventy-second session of the Commission in 2021, and decided that the terms of office of the current members should be extended by one year (until 31 December 2022).
During the height of the coronavirus pandemic, most of the Australian States and one Territory closed their borders to people from other States. The two states with the highest number of cases, NSW and Victoria, did not close their borders. The ACT also did not close its border.
The Constitution was drafted at a time when Australia was considered a land that belonged to no one before European settlement and when Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were considered a 'dying race' not worthy of citizenship or humanity.
Text in PDF Format The World Conference on Human Rights , Considering that the promotion and protection of human rights is a matter of priority for the international community, and that the Conference affords a unique opportunity to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the international human rights system and
We bring torturers to justice, change oppressive laws and free people around the world jailed for voicing their opinions.
Who Owns History?: Elgin’s Loot and the Case for Returning Plundered Treasure eBook: Robertson, Geoffrey: Amazon.com.au: Kindle Store
TRIAL International is a non-governmental organization fighting impunity for international crimes and supporting victims in their quest for justice. We provide legal assistance to victims, litigates cases, develop local capacity and push the human rights agenda forward.
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalized courts.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are purposely committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population. The first prosecution for crimes against humanity took place at the Nuremberg trials. Crimes against humanity have since been prosecuted by other international courts as well as in domestic prosecutions. The law of crimes against humanity has primarily developed through the evolution of customary international law. Crimes against humanity are not codified in an international convention, although there is currently an international effort to establish such a treaty, led by the Crimes Against Humanity Initiative.
It is not clear in which context the term crimes against humanity was first developed. Some scholars point to the use of this term (or very similar terms) as early as late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, particularly in the context of slavery and the slave trade, and to describe atrocities associated with European colonialism in Africa and elsewhere such as, for example, the atrocities committed by Leopold II of Belgium in the Congo Free State.
Lloyd Axworthy addresses our global responsibilities in the prevention of crimes against humanity and in enforcement through the United Nations.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) investigates and, where warranted, tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France. Of the then 58 members of the United Nations, 48 voted in favor, none against, eight abstained, and two did not vote.
Amnesty International Australia strongly opposes Tasmania’s proposed severe anti-protest legislation which would penalise protestors to the same degree as murderers. The new Bill is more restrictive and punitive than the previous attempt by the Hodgman Government to stymie protest which was invalidated by the High Court four years ago. The 2015 Bill carried four years […]
One of Australia’s legal education providers has unveiled the nation’s first human rights law virtual internship, aiming to give prospective students a “realistic glimpse” into the life of a human rights lawyer.
The Anti-Discrimination Commission Queensland will be renamed the Queensland Human Rights Commission, and continue its complaint handling, education, and training functions under the Anti-Discrimination Act. The Commission will also work to resolve human rights complaints, as well as provide information, education, and training on the Human Rights Act.
We need an Australian Charter of Human Rights to ensure everyone’s rights are properly protected and people have the power to hold governments to account.
A NSW review of parliamentary process has recommended improvements that will provide better scrutiny of human rights issues in the law-making process, but has missed the opportunity to recommend broader changes that would bring NSW in line with other Australian jurisdictions.
THE SUNDAY TIMES BESTSELLER An expert and eloquent account of much that has gone wrong with our [England Wales] criminal law procedures: this book is accurate, informative and sensibly points the way to pragmatic reforms Geoffrey Robertson QC
Below are areas of grave concern in the current Victorian Mental Health Act that need to be changed to protect children and parental rights: CHILDREN CAN CONSENT TO ELECTROSHOCK (ECT): In this day
Australian Lawyers for Human Rights (ALHR)
Bono has proven himself stunningly effective in encouraging and cajoling the world's most powerful leaders to take seriously the challenge of disease and hunger and seize the historic opportunity we now have to beat extreme poverty.
A decade ago, US law said human genes were patentable -- which meant patent holders had the right to stop anyone from sequencing, testing or even looking at a patented gene. Troubled by the way this law both harmed patients and created a barrier to biomedical innovation, Tania Simoncelli and her colleagues at the ACLU challenged it. In this riveting talk, hear the story of how they took a case everybody told them they would lose all the way to the Supreme Court.
“We now have evidence showing that children living in a contaminated home can have methamphetamine in their system that's equivalent to an adult ice user.”
‘These Guidelines should become best practice standards for all relevant human rights fact-finding missions.’ Prof Robert McCorquodale British Institute of International and Comparative Law
This handbook brings together in one place a diverse collection of educational resources relating to the roles and responsibilities of legal practitioners with respect to business and human rights, including background context and explanation, case scenarios, discussion exercises, frequently asked questions (FAQs), sample checklists and further reading and resources
Democracy is one of the universal core values and principles of the United Nations. Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy.